Learned helplessness

Learned helplessness occurs through the repeated exposure to painful stimuli, which the individual is unable to avoid, as evidenced in narcissistically abusive relationships. Learned helplessness causes a pervasive sense of hopelessness due to the belief that individual control to change the situation is not possible, to the extent that if presented with opportunities to escape these will not be taken. Learned helplessness is debilitating and strongly linked with mental health conditions such as depression & anxiety. Learned helplessness breeds the sense of ‘giving up’.

 

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