Abuse by proxy

The manipulation, either directly or indirectly, of third parties to undertake abuse on behalf of the narcissist. Typically used with reference to flying monkeys, this may for example, include direct abuse such as ostracising the target, or perpetuating smear campaigns. Indirect abuse- by-proxy can occur by third parties by reinforcing trauma sustained by the target. This can include for example, disbelieving the victim.

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